Abbreviations


Symbols, short-hand notation, and abbreviations

Symbols A BC DE F GH IJ K L M NO P QR ST UV WX Y Z


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Symbol Meaning Symbol Meaning
information information General information, FYI [↑Alkaloid] Herb is high in alkaloids (avoid mixing with those high in tannins).
No-reports-found symbol--no-reports Unknown, no reports found. [↑Tannins] Herb is high in tannins (avoid mixing with those high in alkaloids).
combination symbol--combination Possible combination with other herbs. High-mucilage[↑Mucilage] High in mucilage
aromatherapy symbol--aromatherapy Aromatherapy information of Essential oils. [↑Salicilate] High in salicylates
study-report report Scientific studies (in vitro, in vivo, clinical trials) High-anthraquinone[↑Anthraq] High in anthraquinone
avoid symbol--contraindicated Avoid, contraindicated. [↑CardiacG] High in cardiac glycosides
caution-toxic caution-toxic-3a Toxic, toxicity, overdose.
caution symbol--caution General cautions, warnings. symbol--arrow-up--thin Increase, high.
interaction--meds symbol--I-H-D--interaction copy Herb-Drug Interaction (i.e. interact, potentiate). symbol--arrow-down--thin Decrease, low.
herb-endargered-at-risk
Plant potentially at risk. increase-2 Very high, strong, severe, excessive.
herb-endargered-species-1 herb-endargered-species-0 Endangered specie, plant at risk. decrease-2 Very low, strongly reduce.
↑dose In high dose symbol--approx Similar, equivalent, approximately.
↓dose In low dose symbol--may-caused May cause, possibly.
1o Primary. symbol--arrow-to-right--thin Leads to, causes, means.
2o Secondary.  (?)  contradictory reports, controversial
Heart, cardio.
Ca+ Calcium
Fe Iron
Na+ Sodium
K+ Potassium


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A Meaning B Meaning
A.a., a.a. Amino acid(s), amino acid(s). BBB Blood Brain Barrier.
ACh Acetylcholine. BHC British Herbal Compendium
ADD Attention Deficit Disorder BHP British Herbal Pharmacopoeia
ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder BP Blood Pressure.
ANS Autonomous Nervous System. BP Low blood pressure, hypotensive.
BP High blood pressure, hypertensive.


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C Meaning D Meaning
Cap, caps Capsule, capsules. DHT Dihydrotestosterone
Chemo Chemotherapy. dil. Diluted.
CHO Carbohydrates. DM Diabetes mellitus.
CNS Central nervous system. DVT Deep Vein Thrombosis.
CFS Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Dz. Disease(s).
circul. Circulatory.
Comm. E Commission E: German THM regulations.
concent. Concentration.
CT Connective Tissue.
CTS Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
CV, CVS Cardio vascular, Cardio vascular system.


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E Meaning F, G Meaning
EENT Ear, eyes, nose, and throat. FlowerEssRx Flower Essence Remedy.
EFA Essential Fatty Acids. FSH Follicle-stimulating hormone
End. Endocrine. FYI For your information
Ep. Epinephrine (Syn. adrenaline).
ESCOP European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy.
esp. Especially.
Ess. oil, e.oil Essential oil (Syn. Volatile oil). GI, GIT Gastrointestinal system/tract.
ext. External(ly), topical(ly).


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H Meaning I Meaning
HCL Hydrochloric acid. IBD Inflammatory Bowel Disease(s).
Hd Head. IBS Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
HRx Homeopathic Remedy. IDD Insulin Dependent Diabetes
HRT Hormonal Replacement Therapy. Imm., imm. Immune.
Inc. Including.
Int. internally.


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J, K Meaning L Meaning
K+ Potassium. Lym, Lymph Lymphatic.


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M Meaning N Meaning
Max., max. Maximum NA North America
Mem. Memory N/A Not available, Not documented.
Med., Med’s Medication(s). Neop. Neoplasia.
ME Myalgic Encephalomyelitis. NIDD Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes
Modul. Modulator. NorEp Norepinephrine (Syn. noradrenaline)
NS Nervous system.
NT Neurotransmitter.


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O Meaning P, Q Meaning
OA Osteoarthritis. PID Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.
OCD Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. PU Part used.
OCP Oral Contraceptive Pill. PSD Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
OTC Over The Counter.


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R Meaning S Meaning
RA Rheumatoid arthritis. S.A.D. Seasonal Affective Disorder.
RBC, RBC’s Red Blood Cell(s). SOB Shortness of Breath.
Rep Reproductive system. SLE Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.
Rs Respiratory system. STD Sexually Transmitted Disease(s).
Rx Remedy. Syn. Synonym.
Synd., synd. Syndrome.
[RMNF] Canada manufacturing regulation (refer to “Herb used as Non-medicinal Ingredients in Nonprescription Drugs for Human Use” [LG-HCDG]. Note: Health Canada website shows this doc as “archived” on Aug. 2014)
[RTHM] Canada legal restrictions in THM (refer to “Bureau of Nonprescription Drugs: Medicinal Herbs in Traditional Herbal Medicines” [LG-HCDG]. Note: unable to locate doc on the Health Canada website since July 2013.)
[RUSE] Restricted use (as reported by sources): Pharmacy use only; used only under professional supervision and with caution; avoid self-medication; prohibited or restricted use in some countries. Verify legal status with your local and federal laws.


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T Meaning U Meaning
TB Tuberculosis. Ur. Urinary system.
TCM Traditional Chinese Medicine. URT Upper Respiratory Tract
THM Traditional Herbal Medicine. URTI, URTIs Upper Respiratory Tract Infection(s)
Tx Treatment. UT Urinary tract
UTI, UTIs Urinary tract infection(s).


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V Meaning W Meaning
Vcc. Vaccine(s), vaccination. WBC, WBC’s White Blood Cell(s).
Vol. oil Volatile oil (Syn. Essential oil). Wk, Wks Week, weeks,
Wmax. Weekly maximum dose.


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X Meaning Y, Z Meaning

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